New strategy involves PPP in TVET sector
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education drafted a new strategy to establish a special loan scheme and develop tax related incentive mechanisms for the private sector willing to invest in technical and education vocational training system.
Designed with an objective of providing demand-driven and relevant TVET to citizens, the strategy can contribute to the prosperity of the country and aims to create enabling environment for the private sector to invest in TVET.
It also strategizes to implement a system to share public sector TVET resources with the private sector, in a bid to ensure equitable access of such materials in the country.
The Ministry decided to develop a new technical and vocational education and training policy and strategy following the unequaled response of the long-serving education and training strategy to the global dynamics of education and training.
“As the main agenda of the policy is creating public private partnership, it helps to ensure a strong integration among public and private TVETs,” said Melese Yigzaw, Dean of Nifas Silk Polytechnic College, during a consultative meeting held last week at Skylight Hotel.
Describing the unbalanced growth of import and export, and the huge number of unemployed TVET graduates, there is clear evidence that the linkage between TVET institutions and industries is weak in Ethiopia, stated Melese.
“Private sector participation in TVET must be recognized and facilitated in a legalized quality assurance framework by the government,” the strategy reads.
There were 1,560 TVETs in Ethiopia until 2019, having almost 400,000 students, almost twice what was registered half a decade ago. Despite the growth, most graduates of TVETs are criticized for being unskilled and less qualified.
According to the 10-year strategic plan of the government, 63.4 percent of TVET trainers are identified as C-level, which indicates that they have a deficiency in theoretical knowledge and pedagogic competence, adding to their inability to understand English, which serves as a medium of instruction.
There was also a tendency to consider TVET education as dedicated to students with low performance.
Habtamu Kibret, Deputy Director-General of the Federal Technical and Vocational Education and Training Agency, explained that previously there has been misconception regarding students who join vocational institutions.
“Since the majority of students who complete secondary school move to these vocational institutions, the new policy and strategy will resolve the problems and challenges that have existed in the sector before,” said Habtamu.